All About Alopecia And How To Live With It


What is Alopecia?

Alopecia is a type of a skin condition that causes hair loss. This condition occurs when body’s immune system mistakenly attacks hair follicles (hair follicles is part of the skin where hair begin to grow). Despite the numerous medical researches on the above condition, medical experts have not come up with a conclusive explanation of the exact cause of the immune attacks of the follicles. Indeed, it has been known that the above condition is very common among young people under the age of 20, but also adults of any age may be affected. Men and women are equally affected. However, the good news is that the damage to the follicle is not always permanent.

Signs and symptoms of Alopecia

Doctors, dermatologists, and other medical experts explain that the main sign and symptom of alopecia is hair loss. Typically, hair falls out in small round patches on the head/scalp. In most cases, these patches are several centimeters or even less that. Besides hair loss on the scalp, hair loss on other parts of the body can be another sign of Alopecia. Probably, it is noticeable as a clump of hair on the pillow or in the shower.

Nevertheless, other types of diseases can cause hair to fall off the scalp or the body. Therefore, hair loss alone should be used necessarily as the only sign to diagnose Alopecia. Indeed, hair loss associated with the above condition is random and unpredictable. In most cases, hair may grow back at any time, and then fall out in an irregular manner. As such, the extent of hair loss, as well as regrowth, varies significantly from person to person.

Causes of Alopecia

Alopecia is an autoimmune disease. As it is medically explained, an autoimmune disease is a condition that develops when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks the healthy cells for foreign substances. Normally, the immune system protects the body against harmful foreign substances such as bacteria and viruses. Therefore, in the cases of Alopecia, the immune system attacks the skin’s hair follicles. In this case, the follicles become smaller and eventually, stop the development of hair, hence, hair loss. Also mentioned in the previously, what triggers the body’s immune system to attack the follicles remain unknown. However, the above condition is more prone to people whose family history had other autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis or type 1 diabetes.

Diagnosis of Alopecia

Upon realizing hair loss in your body and scalp, it is highly advisable that you need to contact a Dermatologist as soon as possible. The Dermatologist will review your symptoms to determine if you are suffering from the above condition. In most cases, the doctor diagnoses Alopecia by simply looking at the extent of hair loss as well as examining few sample of hair under a microscope. To rule out other conditions that cause hair loss, the dermatologist performs a procedure called scalp biopsy.

Alopecia Treatment

After diagnosis, the dermatologist will prescribe the next course of action, probably treatment of the condition. Indeed, it has to be noted that there is no known cure of Alopecia, but the condition can be treated. As medical experts explain, treatment may be able to stop the future occurrence of hair loss as well as helping the lost hair to grow back more quickly.

Treatment of the above condition includes rubbing certain medications (Minoxidil or Rogaine is often administered) into the scalp to help excite hair grow. The following are other common therapies used to treat the above condition:

• Steroid injections
• Corticosteroid lotions and creams
• Aromatherapy
• Acupuncture

The alopecia condition can be emotionally challenging if hair loss affects the whole scalp. Indeed, such people may feel depressed and isolated. However, if you are undergoing such a situation, then you are highly advised to visit a dermatologist for immediate treatment. Our colleague, a local Newport Beach dermatologist says if the conditions make you feel overwhelmed, then it is a wise idea that you need to visit a medical counselor immediately who may help you cope with the effects of the above condition.

Visit our friend’s blog for more information about alopecia, how to treat it and what to look for in a provider.

Ring Worm Is Easily Treatable Today

If you have come across the term “ring worm” you probably have an idea what tinea infection is. It is an infection that normally occurs on the hands, the head or the nails leaving a circular reddish rough look at the affected region. Though people tend to give the infection the name ringworm due to its ringworm shape, there isn’t any ringworm present under your skin. The infection can be transferred by contact with persons that are infected or infected surfaces. Below we are going to discuss on the causes of the infection, what it is all about and the treatment required to eliminate the infection.

Causes of Ring Worm

· Multiplication of Fungi –whereas some fungi and bacteria are essential for keeping us healthy, they become infectious when produced in excess. In some instances the tinea infection is usually as a result of speedy multiplication of dermatophytes fungi.
· Body Moisture – having too much moisture on your body’s skin provides a favorable environment for the multiplication of dermatophytes.
· Contaminated Objects/Persons –you can get infected with this infection by sharing of personal belongings like combs and clothing with an infected person. An infected pet or infected bathroom surfaces can also transfer the infection to you if you get in contact.


If you are afraid that you may have been infected with this infection listed below are the symptoms to watch out for:

· Red circular itchy patches – occurs mostly on your hands, legs or chest
· Bald scalp areas – when the infection attacks the scalp it may consume some part of your hair and leave a bald portion. This is common in young children.
· Athletes Foot – you may experience some itching in between your toes, which is usually as a result of the accumulated moisture that facilitates the multiplication of these fungi.
· Painful groin rush – this may result from fungi developing the moist groin area and it mostly occurs to men that often put on athletic attire.
· Nail discoloration – when this infection attacks your nails it leaves them discolored and much thicker than before.
· When in its advanced stages this infection may cause the patient to suffer from fever.


It is important that you receive immediate treatment the moment you get this fungi infection to avoid spreading it to your family, friends or even your pet. Generally this infection is countered by antifungal medications. The following are important and effective treatments for tinea infections.
· OTC Topical Applications – this medication hinders the growth of the fungal cell membranes that contribute to more fungi production. These applications include clotrimazole and miconazole and are ideal for treating almost all tinea conditions.
· Prescription Antifungals – they include the Fluconazole and Ketoconazole which deal with the persisting tinea infections even after the regular medication. They prevent the creation of the fungal cell membranes that lead to this infection.

The moment that you discover that you have this infection, do not hesitate to take the necessary measures to ensure that you don’t transfer it to every other person that you meet. First of all you will need to go for treatment and secondly avoid sharing your personal stuff like clothing. If symptoms persist after medication you should visit the doctor for some other drug prescription.

Living With Asthma Does Not Have To Be Difficult


Asthma refers to a medical condition that is caused when the bronchi, which are small tubes in the lungs that carry air from outside into the lungs and out, suffer inflammation. Asthma patients have their bronchi inflamed and they tend to be more sensitive than is the norm. Patients usually suffer from narrow airways when they make contact with anything that irritates their lungs referred to as a trigger. The airways become narrow as the muscles around them become tighter thereby tightening them in the process and mucus (phlegm) production increases. There are some common triggers of this condition like pollen, animal fur, exercise, cigarette smoke, house dust mites and viral infections. Other substances could also trigger this condition like chemicals or allergens that you can inhale while doing your work.

Symptoms and What it is all about?

The most common symptoms of asthma include shortness of breath, coughing at night mostly, chest tightness and wheezing. The reason for the development of asthma is not yet fully established but it is highly likely for you to develop it if you have a family history of it. It can develop at any age and has been found in children and also the elderly people. The easiest way to diagnose whether you have it or not is if you experience shortness of breath often or the existence of a wheezing or whistling sound inside your chest when breathing. If you notice these things especially at night or early in the morning then you ought to be checked as you could be having asthma.

What Causes it?

Going by research conducted on this condition, it is estimated that about 300 million people are affected by this condition. This is cause for concern as this condition makes it capable of killing about 255,000 people annually. It is therefore important to understand the various factors that cause asthma. There are quite a number of factors that cause it like allergies which are triggered by the antibodies present in blood leading to the inflammation of the airways. Common indoor allergens are animal proteins mainly from pets like dogs and cats, cockroaches, fungi and dust mites. The recent push to make homes energy efficient could also cause this condition.

Tobacco smoke is another common factor that causes it and other respiratory infections. The children of smoking mothers and people exposed to second-hand smoke are also at risk of developing the condition. There are also some environmental factors that cause these symptoms like noxious fumes from paints and household cleaners, nitrogen oxide from stoves, pollution, cold temperatures, sulfur dioxide and also high humidity triggers this condition. Other factors include pregnancy, obesity, genes, atopy, stress and airway hyperactivity.

How is it treated?

There is no definite cure for asthma but there are a few treatment methods that help manage and control this condition. Treatment is usually based on two important goals: relieving the symptoms and also preventing future attacks and symptoms. The treatment takes various forms depending on individuals like using medications like inhalers. It is however instrumental to ensure that you have identified the possible triggers of your asthma condition and find ways to avoid them. It also helps to have a personal plan of action that you take to manage your condition and this plan ought to be planned with your doctor.

Take Care of Osteoporosis Before It’s Too Late


Osteoporosis refers to a condition that is characterized by a significant decrease in bone density and decreased bone strength. Hence, it is a condition that results in fragile bones. Typically, the condition leads to strangely porous bone which is compressible and sponge-like. It is a disorder of the skeleton that weakens the bone and causes frequent fractures and breaks in the bones. A healthy bone is made up of collagen, calcium, and protein, all of which contribute to bone strength. However, a bone that is affected by osteoporosis are bound to break even with a relatively trivial injury that in normal conditions could not cause a bone to break. In most cases, the fracture is in the form of a collapse or cracking. Furthermore, the hips, spine, wrists, and ribs are common areas that experience a bone fracture as a result of decreased bone density. However, nearly all skeletal bones are bound to suffer osteoporosis-related breaks and fractures.

Causes of Osteoporosis

Many risk factors have been identified that increase the likelihood of contracting osteoporosis. However, some of the factors are unavoidable while others are modifiable.

Non-modifiable factors

Some of the risk factors for osteoporosis that are inevitable include age, sex, race, your body frame size, and genetics.

  • Sex- women are at high danger of developing osteoporosis as compared to men.
  • Race- White or Asian descent people are at greater risk of experiencing decreased bone density.
  • Age- the older you get, the more the chances of developing weak bones.
  • Genetics- if you have a sibling or parent with osteoporosis, you are at high risk of developing weak bones too.
  • Body frame size- people with small body frames are bound to have a great danger of developing osteoporosis due to their low bone mass.

Nutritional factors

The chances of developing osteoporosis also depend on how you balance your diet. For example, those people who have low calcium intake are at a risk of developing weak bones because calcium plays a crucial role in bone development. Hence, low intake of calcium leads to decreased bone density and an increased risk of experiencing fractures. Furthermore, eating disorders that lead to being underweight result in weak bones in both women and men. Hence, restricting your food intake increases your chances of developing osteoporosis.

Hormonal imbalance

Sex hormones contribute a great deal in bone strengthening. Hence, decreased sex hormone levels will weaken your bone strength. In women, the significant reduction in oestrogen hormone during menopause increases their chances of experiencing reduced bone density. On the other hand, men tend to realise a steady reduction in testosterone levels as they grow old. Hence, the reduction increases the chances of men developing osteoporosis. Furthermore, having excess thyroid hormones tend to cause bone loss. Hence, you are bound to develop osteoporosis if you take excessive thyroid hormone medication or if your thyroid is over-active.

Signs and symptoms of osteoporosis

There normally are no symptoms or signs in the initial stages of osteoporosis. Nonetheless, when your bones have been deteriorated, you are bound to have the following signs and symptoms.

  • A bone fracture that happens more easily than expected.
  • A bent or stooped posture due to breaks in the spine.
  • Back pain as a result of collapsed or a fractured vertebra.